When you see a longboarder flying down a curvy road the question probably arises, how do they stop? A very simple question with a very complicated answer. Many variables come into play here for example, the style of the rider, the current road conditions, the rider’s gear (board, protection, technology), etc.
One of the first things we learn as downhill skaters is a technique called ‘footbrake’. Essentially footbraking is done by the rider standing strong on the front leg and dragging the back leg on the road using the shoe as a brake to slow down. There are actually two distinct types of footbraking, standard and Brazilian. Standard footbraking is when the skater, in the normal riding position, balances all of his/her weight on the front foot. The skater then very quickly takes the back leg off of the board & drags it next to the board on the ground to slow down to the preferred speed. Brazilian footbraking refers to the skater dragging the back foot on the ground similar to first method, but instead of standing, the skater assumes a squat position. In one solid motion, the skater grabs the nose of the longboard to gain control and proceeds to a squat position bending the knee of the leg positioned on the board. The other leg is used to brake by dragging the shoe against the road.
While the Brazilian footbraking technique requires more skill & physical strength, in the end both techniqes are effective and use the same basic principal; using the shoe as a brake to slow down.